Throughout their time in Early Years Foundation Stage (including their pre-school and reception years), planning, observation and assessment of your child will be carried out by the early years team using the Development Matters document. This outlines the key skills and learning outcomes for each age and stage of development in the 7 areas of learning. In EYFS these will be developed through continuous provision and directed teaching.
Please see the following links for the full Development Matters document and for the full EYFS profile.
Early Years Foundation Stage (Nursery / Reception) is for children aged three to five years old and is the first stage of their education. The key focus during this part of the national curriculum is on teaching them routine and easing them into the idea of learning in a structured environment. A lot of the activities your child will undertake will be play-based, with more formal teaching not starting until they begin Key Stage 1 (Year 1 and Year 2).
The Foundation Stage was introduced in the 90s and a more experimental and play-based form of learning was brought in following lengthy research. This may be very different from your experience of starting school. The Foundation Stage recognises that children need to be able to use concrete experiences to provide the building blocks for their learning, so with that in mind it utilises play, modelling, painting, investigating and cooking as the mediums for learning.
There are seven learning areas for children at the Foundation Stage: